Pentagon to cut aircraft carrier presence in Persian Gulf to 1 due to budget strains

The U.S. military is planning to shrink its aircraft carrier presence in the Persian Gulf from two to one due to looming budget constraints — in a dramatic signal from the Pentagon about the real-world impact of automatic budget cuts that still have not been averted.

U.S. military officials confirmed Wednesday that the Navy would reduce its presence. The decision will go into effect immediately.

“Facing budget uncertainty … the U.S. Navy made this request to (Defense Secretary Leon Panetta) and he approved,” Pentagon spokesman George Little said in a statement. “This prudent decision enables the U.S. Navy to maintain these ships to deploy on short notice in the event they are needed to respond to national security contingencies.”

Under the plan, the deployment of the USS Harry S. Truman — which was scheduled to leave Friday from Norfolk, Va. — has been cancelled.

There have been two aircraft carrier groups in the Gulf for most of the last two years. The USS Dwight D. Eisenhower was in the Gulf but was brought home in December for maintenance. It will return later this month, at which point the USS John C. Stennis — currently the only carrier in the Gulf — will leave the region and return home.

Officials say that in the event Congress cannot avert $500 billion in defense cuts over the next 10 years, the Navy can’t justify the cost of two carriers in that region.

The Navy could, however, be “surge-ready” one official said, and deploy more carriers in a crisis situation. It would take an aircraft carrier about two weeks to get to the Gulf from Norfolk, if needed.

The Navy has 10 aircraft carriers in its fleet and, as of today, only three were forward-deployed at any given time. Two were in the Persian Gulf and one permanently stationed in Japan. Now the Navy will only have two forward-deployed carriers.   

Typically, carriers spend six months at sea, but in an already budget-constrained atmosphere, their deployments have lasted closer to nine months.

A Navy official says the Pentagon would save “several hundred million dollars per year” by reducing to one carrier in the Gulf.

The move by the Pentagon comes as lawmakers argue over how, if at all, to avoid a March 1 deadline — after which automatic cuts to the Pentagon and other areas of the budget will begin to take effect. President Obama called Tuesday for a short-term bill to avert the cuts, but Republicans blasted that approach as irresponsible.

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